Spanish Alphabet and Pronunciation Guide: Vowels


The Spanish vowels are short, pure, and always pronounced the same. After memorizing the vowel sounds and practicing them, you will be able to consistently pronounce them correctly.

THE SPANISH VOWEL "a"

The vowel "a" is pronounced like the "a" in the English word "father".

Sample Words
1. mamá - mom
2. encantada - pleased; enchanted
3. mañana - morning; tomorrow
4. gracias - thank you
5. pastel - cake
6. tarde - late; afternoon
7. hora - hour
8. para - for; in order to
9. caja - box
10. nada - nothing
11. María - Maria
12. hola - hi; hello


THE SPANISH VOWEL "e"

The vowel "e" is pronounced like the "e" in the English word "elephant."

Sample Words
1. estar - to be
2. enfermo - sick
3. en - in; at; on
4. el - the
5. verde - green
6. tren - train
7. José - Jose
8. primero - first
9. este - east
10. oeste - west
11. feliz - happy
12. de - of; from; about


THE SPANISH VOWEL "i"

The Spanish vowel "i" is always pronounced like the "ee" in the English word "greet".

Sample Words
1. final - final
2. triste - sad
3. irresistible - irresistible
4. delicioso - delicious
5. mi - my
6. favorito - favorite
7. niño - child
8. prima - cousin
9. lindo - pretty; cute
10. día - day
11. China - China
12. México - Mexico
13. interesante - interesting
14. frito - fried
15. comida - food
16. capital - capital
17. cinco - five
18. rica - delicious; rich

Sample Sentences
1. El final de esta película es muy triste. - The end of this film is very sad.
2. El niño de mi prima es lindo. - My cousin's son is cute.
3. La piscina es irresistible. - The pool is irresistible.
4. La comida está rica hoy. - The food is delicious today.
5. La comida china es deliciosa. - Chinese food is delicious.


THE SPANISH VOWEL "o"

The vowel "o" is always pronounced like the "o" in the English word "hope".

Sample Words
1. ¿Dónde?
2. tío - uncle
3. sólo - only
4. solo - alone
5. comprar - to buy
6. ocho - eight
7. dos - two
8. ¿Cómo? - How?
9. loro - parrot
10. loco - crazy
11. nosotros - we
12. o - or


THE SPANISH VOWEL "u"

The vowel "u" is always pronounced like the "u" in the English word "fluke".

Sample Words
1. gustar - to like
2. nueces - nuts
3. fruta - fruit
4. sueño - dream
5. bueno - good
6. nueve - nine
7. huevo - egg
8. suegro - father-in-law
9. menú - menu
10. restaurante - restaurant
11. chupar - to suck
12. jugar - to play


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